University of Houston

Department of Philosophy
513 Agnes Arnold Hall
University of Houston
Houston, TX 77204-3004
Phone: 713.743.3010
Fax: 713.743.5162
Rice University

Philosophy Department
MS 14
Rice University
6100 South Main Street
Houston, TX 77005-1892
Phone: 713 348-4994
Fax: 713 348-5847

Mark A. Kulstad
Philosophy Department
MS 14
Rice University
6100 South Main Street
Houston, TX 77005-1892

  • Education
    • B.A., Macalester College, St. Paul, MN, 1969
    • Ph.D., University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1975
  • Teaching and Professional Experience
    • Rice University, Assistant Professor,
    • Department of Philosophy, 1975-1981
    • Rice University, Associate Professor,
    • Department of Philosophy, 1981-1996
    • Rice University, Chair of the Philosophy
    • Department, 1988-1992 (on leave, '90-'91)
    • University of Massachusetts, Amherst,
    • Adjunct Professor of Philosophy, Fall, 1996
    • Rice University, Professor, Department of Philosophy, 1996 -
  • Honors, Awards, and Grants
    • Phi Beta Kappa, 1969
    • Graduated summa cum laude, with "highest distinction" in Philosophy, Macalester College, 1969
    • Woodrow Wilson Fellow, 1969-1970
    • Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Research Fellow, 1979-1980 (one year's research at the Leibniz Archive in Hanover, Germany)
    • President, Leibniz Society of North America, 1981-1983
    • Member of Board of Editorial Consultants, History of Philosophy Quarterly, 1985-
    • Fellow, NEH Summer Institute in Early Modern Philosophy, Brown University, June 27-August 5, 1988, Daniel Garber, Director
    • President, Leibniz Society of North America, 2002-2006
    • Organizer, "International Young Leibniz Conference," ca. 50 papers presented by international Leibniz scholars, Rice University, April 18-20, 2003
    • Fellow, NEH Summer Seminar in Leibniz and his Contemporaries, Virginia Tech., Summer, 2003, Daniel Garber and Roger Ariew, Directors
    • Fellow, NEH Summer Institute in Seventeenth-Century Philosophy, Science, and Theology, University of Wisconsin, Summer, 2004, Donald Rutherford and Stephen Nadler, Directors
    • Organizer, "First Annual Leibniz Society of North America Conference," Rice University, 25-27 January 2008.
  • Research
    • Books (authored and edited)
      • Co-editior, with Mogens Laerke and David Snyder, The Philosophy of the Yound Leibniz. Studia Leibnitiana Sonderheft, vol. 35. Steiner 2009.
      • Leibniz on Animals, Apperception, Consciousness and Reflection. Munich: Philosophia Verlag, 1991.
      • Co-editor, with J. A. Cover. Central Themes in Early Modern Philosophy. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Co., 1990.
      • Editor. Essays on the Philosophy of Leibniz, Rice University Studies, Vol. 63, No. 4. (Fall, 1977).
    • Articles on G. W. Leibniz (a selection)
      • "Newton, Spinoza, Stoics and Others: A Battle Line in Leibniz's Wars of (Natural Religion," Leibniz Review 9 (2008), pp. 81-121.
      • "Is Leibniz the Anti-Hume: A Comparative Study of Foreseeing the Future in the Nouveau Eassais." In Leibniz selon les Nouveaux essais sur l'entendement, edited by François Duchesneau and Jérémie Griard (Paris: Vrin, 2006), pp. 59-71.
      • "The One and the Many and Kinds of Distinctness: the Possibility of Monism or Pantheism in the Young Leibniz." In Leibniz: Nature and Freedom., edited by Jan Cover and Donald Rutherford (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), pp. 20-43.
      • "Leibniz, Spinoza, and Tschirnhaus: Metaphysics à trois, 1675-1676." In New Essays on Spinoza, edited by John Biro and Olli Koistinen (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2002), 221-40.
      • "Leibniz's Early Argument that All Things are One in Relation to Descartes' Notions of Real and Modal Distinction." In Nihil Sine Ratione: VII. Internationaler Leibniz-Kongress, Teil II, Berlin, 2001, pp. 663-68.
      • "Pantheism, Harmony, Unity and Multiplicity: A Radical Suggestion of Leibniz's De Summa Rerum." In Lessico Intellettuale Europeo, vol. 84: Unità e molteplicità nel pensiero filosofico e scientifico di Leibniz, edited by A. Lamarra and R. Palaia (Florence: Olschki, 2000), pp. 97-105.
      • "Leibnizian Meditations on Monism, Force, and Substance, in Relation to Descartes, Spinoza, and Malebranche." Leibniz Review 9 (1999), pp. 17-42.
      • "Leibniz's De Summa Rerum: The Origin of the Variety of Things." In Studia Leibnitiana Supplementa XXXIV: Actualité de Leibniz: Les deux labyrinthes, edited by Dominique Berlioz and Frédérick Nef , 1999, pp. 69-85.
      • "Roads Not Taken: Radical Suggestions of Leibniz's De Summa Rerum." In G.W. Leibniz: Perspectives and Actuality, edited by Concha Roldán, a special issue of Synthesis Philosophica, (ca. Fall, 1996).
      • "Two Interpretations of the Pre-established Harmony in the Philosophy of Leibniz," Synthese 96 (1993), pp. 477-504.
      • "Causation and Pre-established Harmony in the Early Development of Leibniz's Philosophy." In Causation in Early Modern Philosophy: Cartesianism, Occasionalism, and Pre-established Harmony, edited by Steven Nadler (University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State
        University Press, 1993), pp. 93-118.
      • "Appetition in the Philosophy of Leibniz." In Mathesis rationis: Festschrift für Heinrich Schepers, edited by Albert Heinekamp, Wolfgang Lenzen, Martin Schneider (Munich: Nodus, 1990,) pp. 133-151.
      • "Some Difficulties in Leibniz's Definition of Perception." In Leibniz: Critical and Interpretive Essays, edited by Michael Hooker (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1982), pp. 65-78.
      • "Leibniz, Animals, and Apperception," Studia Leibnitiana 13:1 (1981), pp. 25-60.
      • "Leibniz's Conception of Expression," Studia Leibnitiana, 11:1 (1977), pp. 55-76.
    • Articles on Philosophers other than Leibniz (sometimes including Leibniz also)
      • "Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz on Real Distinction, Pluralism, and Monism," submitted to Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy, edited by Stephen Nadler and Daniel Garber.
      • "Leibniz, Locke and Gold: Kinds and Species in Historical Debate and Contemporary Science," translated into French, coauthored with Susanna Goodin, forthcoming in Studia Leibnitiana Supplementa, edited by
        Frédéric Nef.
      • "What Spinoza, in company with Leibniz and Descartes, can bring to Light about Important Varieties of Substance Monism." In Monism (vol. 9 of the "Philosophical Analysis" series), edited by Andreas Bâchli and Klaus Petrus (London and
        Frankfurt: Ontos, 2003), pp. 63-82.
      • "Exploring Middle Ground on the Question, Was Leibniz's Conception of God ever Spinozistic?" American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 76:4 (2002), pp. 671-690.
      • "Leibniz, Spinoza, and Tschirnhaus: Multiple Worlds, Possible Worlds." In The Young Leibniz and his Philosophy, (1646-76), edited by Stuart C. Brown (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1999), pp. 245-62.
      • "Spinoza's Demonstration of Monism: A New Line of Defense," History of Philosophy Quarterly 13:3 (1996), pp. 299-316.
      • "Locke on Consciousness and Reflection," Studia Leibnitiana 16:2 (1984).
      • "Frankfurt's Interpretation of Descartes'Validation of Reason," Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 7 (1977).
    • Presentations at Universities and Scholarly Meetings (a selection)
      • "Leibniz on Expression: Reflections after Thirty Years," VIII. Internationaler Leibniz Kongress, Hanover, Germany, July 26, 2006.
      • "Monism, dualism and pluralism in early modern philosophy: a sketch of a book in progress," University of California, Irvine, Philosophy Department, November 15, 2005.
      • "What Spinoza, in company with Leibniz and Descartes, can bring to Light about Important Varieties of Substance Monism," University of California, Irvine, Philosophy Department, November 14, 2005.
      • "A Consideration of some Difficulties with the Reflection Interpretation of Innateness as applied to Leibniz's Nouveaux essais," international conference at the University of Tunis, "Les Enjeux du Rationalisme Moderne: Descartes, Locke, Leibniz," Carthage, Tunisia, November 27, 2004.
      • "Is Leibniz the Anti-Hume? A Comparative Study of Foreseeing the Future in the Nouveaux Essais," international conference at the University of Paris X -Nanterre, "Leibniz et Locke: deux styles de rationalit?," October 29, 2004.
      • "Is Leibniz the Anti-Hume? A Comparative Study of Foreseeing the Future in the Nouveaux Essais," international conference at the University of Montreal, "G. W. Leibniz: Nouveaux essais sur l'entendement humain (1704 - 2004)," September 30, 2004.
      • "Pluralism and Monism in the Philosophy of the Young Leibniz," The Sorbonne (University of Paris IV), November 7, 2003. (Presentation in English; audience asked questions in French.)
      • "The One and the Many, Universal Harmony, and the threat of Monism in the Philosophy of Leibniz," Midwest Seminar in the History of Early Modern Philosophy and Centre d'Études Cartésiennes, University of Chicago, May 24-26,
        2002.
      • "Locke, Leibniz, and Natural Kind Terms," a paper co-authored with Susanna Goodin, presented at the conference, "Leibniz and les puissances du langage," at the Université de Rennes 1, Rennes, France, March 6-9, 2002.
      • "Leibniz's Argument that All Things are One in Relation to Descartes' Notions of Real and Modal Distinction," Seventh International Leibniz Congress, Berlin (September 10-15, 2001).
      • "Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz on Real Distinction, Pluralism, and Monism," Conference on Leibniz and His Correspondents, Tulane University, March 16-18, 2001.
      • "Leibnizian Meditations on Force, Substance and Monism, in relation to Descartes, Spinoza and Malebranche," South Central Seminar in the History of Early Modern Philosophy, Texas A&M University (November 19-20, 1999).
      • "Leibniz, Pantheism, and Force," Force and Will in Seventeenth Century Metaphysics, Turku, Finland (August 12-14, 1999).
      • "Leibniz, Spinoza, and Tschirnhaus: Metaphysics à trois," Intermountain Seminar in Early Modern Philosophy (special invited paper), April 24, 1999.
      • "Leibniz, Spinoza, and Tschirnhaus: Metaphysics à trois," joint session of the North American Spinoza Society and the Leibniz Society of North America, A.P.A. Eastern Division Meetings, Washington, D.C., December 29, 1998.
      • "Radical Suggestions of Leibniz's De Summa Rerum," at the British Society for the History of Philosophy conference marking the 350th Anniversary of Leibniz's birth, "The Young Leibniz and his Philosophy (1646-76)," Woburn, England,
        October 18-20, 1996.
      • "Monistic Pantheism, Harmony, Unity and Multiplicity: A Radical Suggestion of Leibniz's De Summa Rerum," at the international symposium, "Unità e
        molteplicità nel pensiero filosofico e scientifico di Leibniz," sponsored by the Lessico Intellettuale Europeo, Rome, October 3-5, 1996.
      • "Leibniz's De Summa Rerum: The Origin of the Variety of Things," at conference entitled, "Actualité de Leibniz: les deux labyrinthes," Cerisy-la-Salle, France, June 15-22, 1995.
      • "Did Leibniz Incline towards Monistic Pantheism in 1676?" Sixth International Leibniz Congress, Hanover, Germany, July 19, 1994.
      • "A Defense of Spinoza's Demonstration of Monism," Philosophy Department Colloquium, University of Houston-University Park, March 18, 1994.
      • "Leibniz, Spontaneity, and Two Models of the Pre-Established Harmony," University of Nebraska, Department of Philosophy Colloquium Series, November, 1991.
      • "Leibniz, Spontaneity, and Two Models of the Pre-Established Harmony," Duke University Conference: "Logic and Metaphysics in Aristotle and Early Modern Philosophy," March 10-12, 1991.
      • "Remarks on Expression, Causation, and Pre-Established Harmony in the Development of Leibniz's Philosophy," delivered at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, on April 22, 1990, at the conference, "Causation in Early Modern
        Philosophy: Cartesianism, Occasionalism, and Pre-Established Harmony."
      • "The Principles of Appetition in the Philosophyof Leibniz," delivered in BuenosAires, Argentina, on November 22, 1989, at the International Conference, "Leibniz and Ortega: On Principles."
      • NEH Summer Institute in Early Modern Philosophy, Brown University, Summer, 1988, Leibniz Study Group, "Apperception in Leibniz's New Essays."
      • American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division Meetings, March 24, 1988, "Comments on 'Leibniz's Aristotelianism and Original Conception of Substance' by Christia Mercer."
      • American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division Meetings, Spring, 1984. "Leibniz's Theory of Innateness in the New Essays, followed by a few remarks on the possible impact on Kant."
      • Fourth International Leibniz Congress, November 14-19, 1983, Hanover, West Germany, "Leibniz's Theory of Innateness in the New Essays, followed by a few remarks on the possible impact on Kant."
      • The Spindel Conference on "The Rationalist Conception of Consciousness," Memphis State University, October 7-9, 1982. "Consciousness and Reflection in Leibniz."
      • American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division Meetings, Spring 1981,"Apperception and the Puzzle of Leibniz's Drafts of PNG Sec. 4."
      • University of Bristol, February 13, 1980. "Apperception in the Philosophy of G.W. Leibniz."
      • University College London, February 12, 1980. "Some Difficulties Concerning Leibniz's Theory of Perception."
      • University of Reading, February 11, 1980. "Apperception in the Philosophy of G.W. Leibniz."
      • The Philosophisches Institut of the Rheinisch-Westfâlische Technische Hochschule, Aachen, December, 1979. "Schwierigkeiten hinsichtlich der leibnizschen Bestimmung der Perception."
      • American Philosophical Association, Western Division Meetings, Spring, 1979. "Comments on 'The Classical Ontology of Relations and Leibniz' by Ignacio Angelelli."
      • South-Central Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, 1977 meetings, Houston, TX, "Two Arguments on Petites Perceptions."
      • The University of Oklahoma, Winter, 1976. "Some Difficulties Concerning Leibniz's Theory of Perception."
      • Depauw University, Spring, 1976. "Some Difficulties Concerning Leibniz's Theory of Perception."
      • American Philosophical Association, Western Division Meetings, spring, 1976. "Comments on 'The Inherence Interpretation of Berkeley: A Critique' by L.Nathan Oaklander."